In Indonesia, the prevalence of tumor / cancer was 4.3 per 1000 population. Cancer is the seventh leading cause of death (5.7%) after a stroke, tuberculosis, hypertension, injuries, after birth , and DM (Riskesdas/ Health Research 2007). Based on data from the Hospital Information System (HIS) in 2006, of cancer in-patients were breast cancer (19.64%), followed by cervical cancer (11.07%), liver cancer and intra hepatic bile duct (8.12% ), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (6.77%), and leukemia (5.93%). Leukemia is a cancer that often occurs in children.
While it is based on data from hospital-based cancer registration in Jakarta in 2005, of cancer in children aged 0-17 years are leukemia majority (33.7%), neuro blastoma (7%), retinoblastoma (5.3%), osteo sarcoma (4 , 8%), and Lyphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (4.8%). Cancer in children is 4.9% of cancers in all ages. Cancer in children is more common in males (53.5%) than females (46.5%).
Conventional treatment is carried out three phases; surgery should only be performed on-stage cancer and he should not be done at a higher stage of cancer; chemotherapy and radiation. High costs of cancer treatment and side effects are painful. Moreover, doctors in Indonesia often perform surgery on patients with cancer high the stage it is irrational. This leads to accelerate deployment, treasure exhausted and in pain, causing increased stress on patients and their families.
Cancer is a disease caused by a typical cell cycle abnormalities lead to the ability of cells to grow out of control, hit the nearby tissues and metastasis. Metastasis is the spread of cancer to other body tissues via the blood circulation.
Cancer is divided into two tumor-called benign tumors and malignant tumors are called cancer. In general, cancer cells form tumors except leukemia. Various cancers have different symptoms depending on location, malignancy and metastasis. In general, cancer can cause death.
In general, the naming of cancer revealed by the location of the outbreak of disease; eg, colon cancer, liver cancer, skin cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer ect.
The early cancer symptoms has not been detected with the coarse eye. Symptoms may include a lump, bleeding, pain, peptic ulcers (ulcers), and the yellow color of the skin, weight loss continues, decreased appetite, fatigue and emaciated, sweating a lot especially at night, anemia, thrombosis and hormonal disorders, . Symptoms include enlarged lymph metastasis, cough, enlarged liver, bone pain and severe pain in advanced cancer.
Causes include: environmental factors (90%) and genitik (10%). Environmental factors include tobacco (30%), overweight (35%), infection (20%), radiation, stress, environmental pollutants and chemicals.
Prevention is done by not smoking and not consuming alcoholic beverages. Avoid excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays, preventing obesity in a healthy diet (eating fruits and vegetables 5 servings a day) and physical activity 30 minutes a day. Also perform regularly in the early detection of health facilities.
This needs to be promoted continuously.